The process of analysis and visualization

All visuals are based on the real results of a text analysis which is realized with different tools.
The evaluation is done in the node-based programming tool VVVV, which can be downloaded free for non- commercial use. The so gained data is visualized with the open-source programming environment Processing. Processing is based on Java, what also enables the implimentation of an online application. It’s developed by Ben Fry and Casey Reas for students, artists, designers and developers to create images, animations and interactions. The software can be found at

The analysed wordcount is in total 2.903.611 (15.625.764 characters).
English translations of the Holy Books, downloaded as digital versions from the internet, were used for textual analysis. The creators cannot grant absolute correctness of analysis for several reasons.

As in Christianity, Islam and Judaism only one book is building the religion’s base, Hinduism and Buddhism are referring to several scriptures. In addition to that some of the books, like the Buddhist Pali Canon, are not completely translated yet. We were not able to consider all scriptures, the most spreaded ones were chosen.

Leading characters and their communalities

leading characters

The large arc visual shows the 41 most frequent characters from different Holy Scriptures and their communalities.
The characters are aligned alphabetically on the x-axis. Their names’ and the arcs’ size is calculated from their total wordcount in all scriptures. According to that, characters which play a big role in several scriptures are displayed larger.

The colored segments of the arcs are showing the frequency of the word resp. the character in the particular Holy Books.

Below the names can be found bar charts which are breaking down the activities of the characters in detail. The verbs are gained by filtering them out of the texts, technically each verb straight after a character’s name is taken. In case of the word order "God loves" the verb "loves" is referred to the charcter’s name "God". The hight of the rows and the font size show the frequency of particular activities.
bar chart

The numerous arcs connecting the names in the upper part of the visual symbolize similarities of the activities assigned to a character pair. An algorithm calculates the according activities of every couple. Based on these results, the different stroke sizes and shades of grey are calculated.details

Like all the other visualizations this artwork is based on a text analysis, without a personal interpretation of the creators.

“You” in the Holy Books

you in the holy books

Those five graphics are showing the positions and the frequency of the word “you” in the different Holy Scriptures. "You" acts in most cases as a request to abide codes of behaviour or moralities, and so aims most directly at the reader.

Each picture is read from upper left to down right, whereas the most upper left pixel represents the first word of each book, and the most down right pixel the last one. Every colored position (word) means the word “you”.

Typographical artwork of the main characters


The typographical elaboration shows the main characters, which were ascertained due to their entire appearance. Different sizes correspond to the total amounts of appearance in all scriptures, colored letters to the religions according to the leading part of the character.The graphical arrangement has been crafted in this case. The characters’ order contains in that case no information but was merely chosen by design principles.